ECONOMIC DECLINE & SOCIAL CHANGE.
|a) What kinds of contemporary
sources are available for the study of the economy in the later middle
ages ? What problems exist in their interpretation?
|b) What evidence is there
that the population rose between the twelfth and the thirteenth centuries
? What effect did this rise have on the urban and rural economies ? How
were they related ?
|c) Are we justified in speaking
of an economic crisis in the mid C14th ? What were the characteristics
of this crisis ?
|d) How did the nobility
and the gentry adapt to the changed economic circumstances of the later
C14th ? What changes did they make in the management of their estates ?
How did the crisis affect their political affiliations ? Is it possible
to speak of a crisis of the nobility in the later middle ages ? If so,
how did this crisis manifest itself ?
|e) How did the peasantry
react to the crisis ? How significant was the Peasants' Revolt of 1381
? Was it anything more than a spontaneous outburst of discontent ? What
sections of the peasantry took part in the Revolt ? What were their objectives
? Is it possible to speak of the C15th as the 'Golden Age' of the English
peasant ? If so, why ?
|f) How did the towns react
to the crisis ? In what ways did the crisis affect traditional patterns
of trade and distribution ?
|g) What effect did the economic
crisis have on the Crown ? What steps did the government take to overcome
its difficulties ? How successful were its policies ? What were the principal
objectives of the Statute of Labourers, and the Cambridge Ordinances ?
|h) Are we justified in stating
that the economic crisis of the C14th destroyed the last vestiges of feudalism
? How did the relationship between manor and village change in the C15th
Using the relevant volume of ENGLISH HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS find,
read and annotate the following documents:
SEE BIBLIOGRAPHY SECTIONS:
a) Knighton on the Black Death 1348
b) The Statute of Labourers 1351
c) The Poll Tax 1380 and the Peasants' Revolt 1381
d) The leasing of the demesne on the Berkeley estates
e) The evils of enclosures 1460
f) Fortescue on royal finances 1471-6
School of History and Welsh History - University of Wales Bangor